Thumbs.db 是Windows XP下的一个文件夹缩略图数据文件，Windows XP为了能更快地显示图片，会自动将文件夹中的图片缩略图保存为索引文件“Thumbs.db”。当一个文件夹中的图片文件越多，该文件就越大，为了节省硬盘的空间，我们可以将它禁用。禁用方法是：打开资源管理器，选择“工具→文件夹选项→查看”，选中“不缓存缩略图”选项前的复选框，即可禁止 Windows XP使用Thumbs.db文件缓存缩略图。
The default behavior for many folders in Windows XP is to display thumbnail images of the files in the folder. This is primarily true of folders created from digital cameras or filed under the My Videos and My Pictures folders. Thumbs.db is Microsoft’s way of caching thumbnail images of any image or movie file in a folder. The idea behind creating a thumbnail cache is to improve the speed of displaying thumbnails the next time you open the folder by caching a set of thumbnails for the image and video files in the folder. If you hadn’t seen this file in your folders previously it’s likely you didn’t have Show hidden files and folders enabled. Deleting the Thumbs.db file simply deletes that cache, which is regenerated the next time you view the folder contents. It is possible to configure Windows to never cache thumbnails.
One of the biggest annoyances to the Thumbs.db file is the way it changes folder settings. You can specifically set all folders in Windows to open in Detail view, for instance. If any folder contains a Thumbs.db file, that folder reverts to the thumbnail view, ignoring your preferences.
To turn off thumbnail caching, open Tools > Options in Windows Explorer and click on the View tab. Check the box next to Do not cache thumbnails and click OK.